The cure to all corrugator diseases

Élixir d'AnversWhen I was young, every time I felt a bit under the weather, my mom gave me “Elixir d’Anvers”. It was the cure to all illnesses. If it was a flu or an indigestion or whatever… “Elexir d’Anvers” took away the pain. I even heard that farmers where giving it to their horses when they had some stomach problems. (image courtesy Wikipedia)

It was nothing more than a herbal short alcoholic drink that was invented by a medical doctor as a simple and effective cure in 80 percent of the cases (and the alcohol in it was an additional advantage).

In exactly the simular way that “Elixir d’Anvers” was a cure to all illnesses, a cure to all Illnesses in the corrugating process is ‘less heat and less starch’

Let us some up some corrugating diseases and there cure:


  • Washboarding
  • Slinging (glue splashing)
  • Blisters
  • Honneycomb
  • Brittle bond
  • Steam bubbles opening layers (secret blowing)
  • Post warp
  • Bad slitting/ bad cut off
  • (and others)


  • Less starch, less heat

For my job I do a lot of troubleshooting and problem solving and it is amazing how simple my job sometimes is (please do not tell this to my boss).

The very first thing I suggest, when confronted with a problem, is to reduce heat and starch to the minimum required, and in 80 percent of the cases the problem disappears, just like using Elixir d’Anvers.

I make it sound very easy, but to convince someone that is already using 30 years too much heat and too much starch is quite a challenge.

Some time ago I was at a company making heavy combinations for the fruit and vegetable market: the typical BC semi-chemical coated kraftliner and heavy paraffined brown kraft. They were complaining about honeycomb, wash boarding and bad bonding of the coated kraftliner.

Observing the double backer, I noticed that every time a certain combination came up with coated kraftliner, the operator put a 100% wrap around a small preheater just before the hotplates. I asked him: “Why do you put so much heat in this coated kraftliner?”. The answer I got was:  “Because someone told me to do so, and if I do not do it then we have a bad bond.”

I enquired if he understood the physics behind what he was doing, but even when explaining it to him; he didn’t want to change this behavior. It was just an automatism based on the trigger word “CKL” coated kraftliner. This resulted in a not so good looking board, I would even dear to call it plain waste.

I had to be in the same plant the next day. I was a bit devious and closed the valve at the drive side that fed the steam in to this small preheater. After a while it was around 40 degrees Celsius and was only brought to this temperature because of the preheating of the liner in the triple stack big preheaters. Nobody noticed me doing this.

The next day when the same “challenging” combination came up the same operator again put a 100 percent wrap around the small preheater. The board was looking better today then yesterday and the operator called me and explained to me that having that 100 percent wrap around is essential for having nice board. Proudly he showed me the 100 percent wrap around and the board that looked a lot better compared to yesterday.

I listened to his story and nodded from time to time. Then I took out my IR camera and showed him the fact that the small preheater was completely cold ( as I had closed the valve the day before). He panicked first a bit and then he suddenly made the link to the better board and the less heat combination. In the coming runs he even put the wrap around on 10 % since he realized that someone had given him the wrong explanation.

It was probably a lucky shot, thirty years ago, but the quality standards for making board have also changed drastically during that time.

I would like to challenge all of you that are running with a lot of starch and heat to try the following.

Let us say that you are running with the first hotplate on 6 bar (single wall, just to keep it simple).

Reduce it to 3 bar and see what happens. Most probably nothing… Reduce it to 1 bar. Remember that with thick hotplates it takes about 12 to 15 minutes before temperatures go down.

If it changes nothing to the final board, then the question is: “Why are you running with those high temperatures in the first section?”

Give your corrugator some “Elixir d Anvers”, less starch and heat, and you will be amazed how many problems it solves.




Cross company cooperation at customer

I recently had the honour to work together at a customer to do trial runs and operator process training. We teamed up with two specialists Mr H. Medemblik from BHS corrugated and with Mr D. Murfitt from Crespel & Deiters (starch specialists).

This resulted in a very successful cooperation and very good light weight board production in different combinations. This also gave us the possibility to give a joint training pointing out several things to the operators and management. With as main topic, less heat, less starch.

The corrugator we used was not the youngest one and could be described as a middle aged lady with a couple of face lifts and all the other cosmetic stuff. A steam system that is not always very reliable and E flute corrugator rollers that are also due for a full cosmetic rebuild 🙂

We focused in getting flat E flute board, with no post-warp and no wash boarding neither honeycomb.

The papers used where Modo Northern light  Flexo 120 as coated fully bleached (100 percent fresh fibre), combined with 80 gsm Modo Northern Light / 100 MNL and as inner liner we used 100 MNL

2014-09-03 11.03.03 This pictures shows 120/80/100 combination. Nice board and no postwarp.

As you can see these are very low grammages and these fully bleached virgin fibre liners have the tendency to pick up heat very fast and have an build in natural humidity barrier. ( so they do not like water/ starch to much).  So the risk one has poor bonding due to excess starch is there always.

When we started the corrugating we first monitored the settings and state of the equipment. We noticed relatively high amounts of starch and a bit to much preheating an about all positions (SF and DB) whilset running Flexo preprint coated liner 120gsm combined with MNL 100 as fluting and MNL 100 as inner liner.

After one day we ended up using a gap of 0,12 on the  ( in stead of 0,20 ) DF with 0% preheating so liner went in to hotplates at around 27 to 40 degrees Celcius..

Same actions were taken at the single facer where we went to minimum possible gluegap and reduced drastically the preheating of liners and fluting.

So finally we arrived to following process parameters:

      Process temperatures and glue gaps

  • 200 m/min
  • SF liner 80- 90°C
  • Fluting 75- 85°C
  • web 85-95°C
  • Glue gap on mechanical minimum.
  • Temperature liner before hotplates 27 (uncoated) 40 degrees coated
  • DF 117- 122°C Sensor  (130-130-135-135°C hotplate temps)
  • DB gluegap: 0,12 mm

before web
before: web



before: liner







before: fluting





after lining

after fluting


after: liner






after: fluting








zero wrap


Too much wrap around







Zero wrap






The very stable one bag mix from Crespel & Deiters performed very well – the parameters for this high-performance wheat starch based glue were 55-60 seconds Stein Hall viscosity (18-20 sec. Lory cup), 57 DegC gel. point and (oven) dry substance of 22.70%. Even at what we would consider a bit high temperature of the starch in the glue pan (38 degrees) it sill performed very well.

This cooperation has again taught us that using iodine pictures is so very helpful.

While running at 180 m/min making perfect board we increased the speed to 200 meters and the board started to delaminate:

Iodine pictures showed us again what was happening:



At 170 meter







At 200 meter





So the iodine pictures showed it why we had a bad bond at 200 meter. Too much glue and not enough heating. First reaction of operators before making iodine picture was putting even more glue…..

This irregular glue-lines on the liner where caused by an excess vibrating of the arm holding the interfic shoes.








After fixing this the problem disappeared and the road is open to higher speeds than 200 m/min.

So making iodines is very important, it show the soul and conscience of the corrugator and help us to take the correct decisions.
Another tool that is also very handy and I dare to say a must is an absolute humidity measuring device.
This will give us peace of mind and we will not be afraid of postwarp.

This corrugator still had some issues like a doubt on the parallelism and some irregular belt porosities but these where just some things to add to the list to be checked along the road.

I would like to thank Mr Medemblik and Mr Murfitt for their perfect help for the commen goal: GOOD BOARD!